The main conditions for rapid recovery after augmentation mammoplasty are moral preparation, strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations and a positive attitude. The rules and restrictions that surgeons require to follow will reduce the risk of side effects, and drug therapy will alleviate the condition and improve the outcome.
Complications caused by wound infection can occur every 1-2 weeks: increased swelling, severe pain, fever.
In patients who suffer from coagulation disorders, during the first 3 weeks allow physical activity or remove compression underwear, hematomas appear.
Injury to the glands, loading of the pleural girdle, running, bending can provoke rotation, rotation of the implant.
In women with a lack of glandular, adipose tissue is possible visualization, probing the endoprosthesis, ripping (wavy skin). Such defects are corrected by lipofilling.
After 3 - 12 months are diagnosed:
- capsular contracture (hardening of the fibrous membrane);
- asymmetry of glands, nipples;
- lymphatic fluid stagnation (seroma);
- hypertrophic, keloid scars;
- anaplastic lymphoma (about 100 cases / 1 million surgeries).
History of the recovery period
The complexity and duration of rehabilitation depend on the degree of complexity of mammoplasty. After a simple augmentation with implants, women recover faster and easier than after complex arthroplasty combined with lifting, removal of excess tissue.
The postoperative wound heals in 5-7 days. The implants take root within 8-10 weeks. A new breast is formed within six months. In order to control the dynamics of wound healing, to identify complications, the surgeon conducts routine examinations.
The result of the operation by 30% depends on the experience and knowledge of the doctor. 70% of the result is formed by the correct behavior of the patient. A woman needs to know how to behave, which sensations are the norm and which are deviations.
First postoperative week
The first day the patient is in the intensive care unit. The effects of anesthesia are felt: weakness, drowsiness, nausea. Chest pain is dull in nature. Analgesics are prescribed to relieve the condition. Until the end of the first day, they are allowed to walk. On the second day they issue a statement.
The first 3-6 days are the norm:
- raising the temperature to 37. 9 degrees;
- feeling of tension, fullness in the mammary glands (the larger the volume of the endoprosthesis, the stronger the sensations);
- edema, hematomas (the appearance of new hematomas, increase in the size of the edema is an alarming symptom);
- loss of skin sensitivity in the nipple area, lower pole.
A compression bra is needed. It is impossible to remove underwear for 30-45 days, even at night. You need to apply for bandages on the days prescribed by your doctor. It is forbidden to raise your arms, sleep on one side and stomach, bathe, lift objects weighing more than a few kg.
Second postoperative week
From the 6th day the pain and discomfort disappear. The sutures are removed on the 7th-10th day. The swelling continues, invisible under the underwear.
The breasts enjoy volume. Women can go to non-physical work, do simple household chores.
In order for the implant to maintain the correct position for one month after breast augmentation, it is impossible:
- walking, sleeping without compression underwear;
- lie on your stomach, sideways;
- lean forward, down;
- jump and run, load the shoulder girdle, press;
One month after the operation
After 4 - 6 weeks the swelling of the glands is barely noticeable or disappears. There is itching, tingling, mild pain in the scar area.
Women lead a normal life: go to bed without underwear, take a hot bath, take long walks. The compression bandage, with the permission of the doctor, is replaced by a bone bra, sports top.
Yoga and Pilates classes are allowed. At home, they warm up lightly, avoiding movements that cause pain and discomfort. Leg loads are not contraindicated. The mammary glands must be protected from shock, pressure, shaking. You still can't overheat, sunbathe, fly.
More than a month after implant placement
Most of the restrictions are removed after 60-75 days. During this period, a capsule is formed, the chest muscles adapt to the endoprosthesis. The risk of displacement, coupling of the implants is reduced.
From the third month you are allowed to sleep on your stomach, relax in the sauna, on the beach, do bath procedures. You can pump the press, do inclines, do gymnastics, health, walking on the street or treadmill. The doctor will allow jogging, jumping after 4-5 months, strength training - after six months.
You can do sports in the first year only in a narrow sports top. Glandular trauma should be avoided for the entire period of wearing the implant.
Medications, medicines, diet to shorten the rehabilitation period
During the first week, patients come to the dressing clinic, after which they take care of their own breasts. The doctor prescribes:
- antibacterial, antifungal therapy (7-10 days);
- antiseptics for the treatment of sutures (brilliant green solution, iodine, antiseptic solutions for 15-20 days).
When the crusts are removed, the scars are smeared with wound healing agents. Depending on the stage of recovery, surgeons recommend anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial ointments.
When buying bras, you should choose models with wide straps, deep cups. To strengthen the breasts faster, include in the diet a large amount of protein foods: fish, poultry, cottage cheese. Eat fresh vegetables and fruits, dishes on gelatin (aspic, jelly) containing zinc, peanuts, pine nuts, beans.
Frequently asked questions, answers them
I want to decide on the operation, but I don't know what to expect?
You will see the aesthetic result on the monitor screen after 3D modeling. After the procedure the pain is insignificant, during the first 5 days you feel discomfort. If you follow the restrictions, handle the seams correctly, in a few months you will be able to admire the new shapes, forgetting about the operation.
Do bad habits (smoking, alcohol) affect the rehabilitation process?
The use of alcohol, nicotine causes vasospasm, which leads to insufficient oxygen supply to tissues. After each cigarette, the dishes remain folded for up to 90 minutes. In patients who smoke, drink alcohol, rejection, tissue necrosis occurs three times more often.
I go to the gym quite often. Are there any restrictions?
You can go to the gym from the fifth week, but you will have to limit yourself to walking on a treadmill, press exercises, leg muscles. Yoga and Pilates are allowed. Running on a track, dumbbell exercises are available after 4 to 6 months. Professional bodybuilding and weightlifting are prohibited for women with implants placed under the pectoral muscle.
Sex is important to me. Is it possible to have an active sex life during rehabilitation?
During the first three to five days, the discomfort and pain do not contribute to the awakening of sexual desires. From the end of the first week you can and should have sex. It is necessary to protect the chest from pressure, trembling. Choose positions in which the man is behind, rest your hands on a solid support to reduce body rocking and have fun.
Tell us about the rules of rest after surgery?
The doctor recommends resting in a semi-sitting position for the first three days. For 20-30 days you can only sleep on your back.
I can not find on the Internet a detailed description of the implementation of hygienic procedures during the rehabilitation period. Give me advice?
Taking a shower is allowed for 3-4 days. The water temperature is 36 degrees. The seam may get wet, but you can't touch it with your hands, towel. Use baby soap, neutral pH gel. After bathing you should treat the scar with antiseptic, apply a bandage, put on compression underwear. After 30 days a warm bath is allowed.
My work includes frequent business trips. Is it often possible to travel by plane?
The ban on air travel is lifted after 90 days. The frequency of flights is not limited.